Who is Marlon Brando?
Marlon Brando, Jr. was born to Marlon Brando, Sr. and Dorothy Julia in Omaha, Nebraska,United States on April 3, 1924. Brando had two older sisters, Jocelyn Brando and Frances. His childhood nickname “Bud”, was a mimic from his youth. His father was a calcium carbonate salesman and his mother was an actress and administrator in local theater . The family was of mixed Dutch, Irish, German, and English descent. Brando’s ancestor, Johann Wilhelm Brandau, immigrated to New Amsterdam, NY from Pfalz, Germany. Brando was more closer to his grandmother,Bessie Gahan Pennebaker Meyers, than his own mother. He was left alone much of the time during his childhood since his both parents were alcoholic. He was the product of an unhappy home life with a bad boy image.
Brando did his schooling at Libertyville High School a village north of Chicago but expelled out of school for riding his motorcycle through the corridors. He challenged authority, refused to follow the rules. Later sent to Shattuck Military Academy in Minnesota, which his father attended. He did well in the school. He was kicked out of Shattuck as well and headed to New York City, studying at the American Theatre Wing Professional School where his sisters were studying theater and art. There he had the opportunity to with influential German director Erwin Piscator. Brando was an avid student and supporter of Stella Adler, from whom he learned inner emotional identity based on imagination and empathy with the character rather than memory of personal experience.
|Height||5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m)|
|Weight||108 kg (238 lbs)|
|Hair Colour||Brown Dark|
|Eye Colour||Brown Dark|
His passion for acting developed at an early age. His ability to maintain his impression and character impressed his friends and family. An American film actor, director and political activist widely considered as the greatest hollywood actor of all time and also one of the most influential actors of the 20th century. He is credited with bringing realism to film acting.
Marlon Brando was one of only three professional actors named by Time magazine in 1999, along with Charlie Chaplin and Marilyn Monroe as one of 100 most important people of the century. He is a classic example of method acting, an approach that not only evokes outward signs of emotion, such as tears and smiles, but also emphasizes the actor’s inner emotional identification with the character he is playing and became a model for method acting in a career that included both stage and screen. Brando made his acting debut on the boards of Broadway in “I Remember Mama (1994),” and it was great success. In early 1940’s he moved to New York City, where he studied acting under Stella Adler at the Dramatic Workshop.
Brando starred in some 40 films and a half-dozen Broadway plays for which he gained wider recognition. He is known for his role in The Godfather, A Streetcar Named Desire. In 1944 he made his stage debut in Hannele in which he played as Jesus Christ. In the same year came his debut on the boards of Broadway in “I Remember Mama (1944),” and it was great success. His first motion picture was the bitter paraplegic veteran in The Men (1950). A role prepared by staying in an army hospital for a month in advance.
In 1946, for his role as an anguished veteran in Truckline Café New York Drama Critics voted him “Most Promising Young Actor”. His first Academy Award nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role was for the role of Stanley Kowalski in the 1951 film A Streetcar Named Desire. His role in this film is regarded as one of Brando’s greatest in his career. It was the adaptation of Tennessee William’s play.
Marlon Brando Movies
During his career, Brando received much praise. In the 1950s, he played memorable characters such as Mark Antony in Julius Caesar, Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata in Viva Zapata, and docker Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront. 1952 he earned his second oscar nomination for best actor for his performance in “Viva Zapata” (1952). He received favorable review for his role of Mark Antony in the film Julius Caesar (1953) and nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor third time in succession for this film. In 1953, he also appeared in The Wild One as Johnny Strabler.He portrayed as a motorcycle rebel,a tough and macho man wearing black leather motorcycle jacket, sweaty T-shirt, and tight-fitting jeans. It became a trademark of Brando’s persona and found a large audience in the teenage population. He won his first Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for his performance as Terry Malloy in ‘On The Waterfront(1954), a crime drama film about union violence and corruption among longshoremen. The film was nominated for twelve Academy Awards and won eight Academy Awards. This firmly established him as one of Hollywood’s most-admired actors. In 1955 came “Guys and Dolls. The film was financial success. In 1961 he acted and directed a western”One Eyed Jacks“. He turned down the lead in the David Lean classic Lawrence of Arabia (1962) because he didn’t want to spend a year in the desert riding around on a camel.
Brando was ranked by the American Film Institute as the fourth greatest movie star among male movie stars who made their film debut before 1950. In 1972 came “The Godfather“. It was considred as one of the best films of all time.For his iconic performance in this film, he earned his second Academy Award for Best Actor. But Brando refused to accept the Oscar for his performance in The Godfather to support the rights of native Americans. Instead Sacheen Littlefeather, a native American, represented him at the ceremony. In 1973 Brando earned another Academy Award nomination for Best Actor in “Last Tango in Paris” (1973). He played a small supporting role in “Superman:The Movie” (1978). In 1979 came “Apocalypse Now“. For A Dry White Season (1989) he received his eighth Oscar nomination- for best supporting actor. It was his first best supporting actor-oscar nomination. In 1995 he starred alongside with Johnny Depp in Don Juan DeMarco. Brando last film was The Score (2001),in which he starred with Robert De Niro.
Brando married three times in his life. His first marriage with actrees Anna Kashfi in 1957. The couple together had one son: Christian Brando. The marriage didn’t last long. They divorced in 1959. Marlon wed for the second time in 1960 with Movita Castaneda but divorced in 1968.She was also an actress. They had two two children together: Mike Brando and Rebecca Brando. Brando married for the third time with his Mutiny on the Bounty co-star Tarita Teriipaia.They were together until 1972. The couple had two children: Simon Brando and Tarita Cheyenne Brando.
Awards and Honours
He was also named one of the top 10 “Icons of the Century” by Variety magazine.Brando was nominated 8 oscar award and won 2.
1951- A Streetcar Named Desire- Best Actor Nominated
1952 -Viva Zapata- Nominated
1953 -Julius Caesar -Nominated
1954 -On the Waterfront- Won
1957- Sayonara -Nominated
1972 -The Godfather -Won
1973- Last Tango in Paris- Nominated
1989- A Dry White Season Best Supporting Actor- Nominated
He also won three times British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards-
1952 -Viva Zapata! Best Film Foreign Actor
1953- Julius Caesar Best Film Foreign Actor
1954 -On the Waterfront Best Film Foreign Actor
Brando died of respiratory failure on July 1, 2004, at the age of 80 at Los Angeles California.